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Johann Adam Scherzer


Pages 38 - 254



It is impossible that the same thing simultaneously be and not be (namely [be and not be] the same thing with respect to the same thing).




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1 C.G. Jöcher, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon, Leipzig, 1750f., Bd. 4, col. 256f.

2 J.H. Zedler, Großes vollständiges Universal-Lexicon aller Wissenschaften und Künste, Leipzig und Halle, 1754ff., Bd. 34, col. 1342f.

3 Wagenmann, in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Bd. 31, S. 137f.

4 A. Tholuck, Vorgeschichte des Rationalismus, Berlin, 1853-62, Bd. I/2, S. 891f.

5 F.W. Gaß, Geschichte der protestantischen Dogmatic, 4 vol., Berlin, 1854-67, Bd. 1, S. 330

6 M. Wundt, Die deutsche Schulmetaphysik des 17 Jahrhundrets, Tübingen, 1939, S. 141f.

7 U.G. Leinsle, Reformversuche protestantischer Metaphysik im Zeitalter des Rationalismus, Augsburg, 1988, S. 20-26

8 Robert D. Preus, The Theology of Post-Reformation Lutheranism, 2 vol., St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1970-72

9 Ulrich G. Leinsle, Introduction to Scholastic Theology, translated by Michael J. Miller, Washington, D.C., The Catholic University of America Press, 1995, pp. 311-315

10 Christia Mercer, Liebniz’s Metaphysics: Its Origin and Development, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 36-38

11 Maria Rosa Antognazza, Leibniz: An Intellectual Biography; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

12 Preus, The Theology of Post Reformation Lutheranism, vol. 1, p. 57.

13 Preus, These include: Anti-Bellarminus sive in iv tomos controversarium Roberti Francisci Romuli Belarmini, Leipzig, 1681, 1703

14 Preus, Bibliothecae pontificae tomus ob causas in dedicatione allegatas, Leipzig, 1677

15 Preus, Collegium anti-Socinianum, Leipzig, 1672, 1684, 1702

16 Preus, Parallelismus Calvino-Nestorianus, Leipzig, 1679

17 Preus, Collegium anti-Calvinianum, Leipzig, 1703

18 Preus, Theses anti-syncretisticae, Leipzig, 1670

19 Scherzer, De jure naturae et gentium (1673)

20 Leibniz, “Opinion on the Principles of Pufendorf” (1706) in Leibniz: Political Writings, translated and edited by Patrick Riley, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972, pp. 64-75.

21 Robert Preus, The Theology of Post-Reformation Lutheranism, vol. 1

22 Leinsle, Introduction to Scholastic Theology.

23 Scherzer’s Vade mecum

24 Claude Welsh, Protestant Thought in Nineteenth Century, 2 vol., New Haven: Yale University Press, vol. 1, pp. 30-39.

25 Leinsel, Introduction to Scholastic Theology, pp. 311-312

26 Scherzer, 1682 Nucleus philosophiae quadripartitus.

27 Scherzer, like most Lutheran Scholastics, was more critical of the Reformed than of Roman Catholics.

28 Antognazza, Leibniz, pp. 24-26.

29 Antognazza, Systema theologiae, Locus XIV, # XVII.

30 Leinsle, Introduction to Scholastic Theology, pp. 314-315.

31 Scherzer, Trifolium orientale, continens commentarios R. Abarbenelis in Haggaeum, R. Sal. Jarchi in Parsh. I. Geneseos et R. Mos. Majemonidae theolgiam, cum versione latina, notis philologico-philosophicis et appendice speciminis theologiae mythicae Ebraeorum, Leipzig, 1663.

32 Paul Althaus, The Theology of Martin Luther, translated by Robert C. Schultz, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1966, chapter 8.

33 Ritschl, “Theology and Metaphysics” (1881), translated by Philip Heffner in Albrecht Ritschl: Three Essays, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1992, pp. 151-212.

34 Ursinus, Doctrinae Christianae compendium (1584).

35 Robert P. Sharlemann, Thomas Aquinas and John Gerhard, New Haven: Yale University press, 1964, pp. 13-22.

36 Alister E. McGrath, Luther’s Theology of the Cross, Oxford: Blackwell, 1985, pp. 161-163

37 Bernhard Lohse, Martin Luther’s Theology: Its Historical and Systematic Development, translated and edited by Roy A. Harrisville, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1999, pp. 196-200.

38 Althaus, The Theology of Martin Luther, p. 15.

39 Althaus, The Theology of Martin Luther, pp. 17-18.

40 Althaus, The Theology of Martin Luther, p. 16, ft. 7

41 Althaus, The Theology of Martin Luther, pp. 15-17.

42 Gerhard Ebeling, Luther: An Introduction to His Thought, translated by R.A. Wilson, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1970, chapter 5, esp. pp. 87-92.

43 Althaus, The Theology of Martin Luther, chapter 5.

44 Table Talk, translated by William Hazlitt, Glasgow: Fount paperbacks, 1995, # 570, p. 273.

45 Julius Köstlin, The Bondage of the Will, translated by J. I Racker and O.R. Johnston, Terrytown: Fleming H. Revell, 1957, pp. 80-81.

46 Julius Köstlin, The Theology of Luther in its Historical Development and Inner Harmony, 2 vol., translated by Charles E. Hay, Philadelphia: Lutheran Publication Society, 1897

47 Julius Köstlin, repr. St. Louis: Concordia, 1986, vol. 2, pp. 274-310.

48 Julius Köstlin, The Bondage of the Will, pp. 203-207.

49 Confession Concerning Christ’s Supper, in Martin Luther’s Basic Theological Writings, edited by Timothy F. Lull, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989, pp. 357-404.

50 The Transformation of Natural Philosophy: The Case of Philip Melanchthon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

51 Philip Melanchthon, Loci communes (1555)

52 Clyde L. Manschreck, On Cristian Doctrine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965

53 Ann Arbor: Baker, 1982, Locus IV, pp. 48-50

54 Clyde L. Manschreck, “Oration on Philosophy,” in Philip Melanchthon: Orations on Philosophy and Education, edited by Sachiko Kusukawa, translated by Christine F. Salazar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, esp. pp. 130-131.

55 Clyde L. Manschreck, “Oration on Aristotle,” in Orations on Philosophy and Education, esp. pp. 210-211.

56 Initia doctrinae physicae (1549)

57 Kusukawa, The Transformation of Natural Philosophy, pp. 144-160.

58 On Christian Doctrine, Locus II, pp. 11-38.

59 Robert Preus, The Theology of Post-Reformation Lutheranism, vol. 1, pp. 47-49.

60 Martin Chemnitz, Loci theologici, 2 vol., translated by J.A.O. Preus, St. Louis: Concordia, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 69-73.

61 Robert Preus, The Theology of Post-Reformation Lutheranism, vol. 2, pp. 115-116, 121-127.

62 Sherzer, Rule II of Title VI, ad finem.

63 Ibid, ad finem.

64 Antognazza, Leibniz, pp. 55-57.

65 Antognazza, Leibniz, pp. 47-50.

66 Scherzer’s Theses anti-syncretisticae

67 Eric Lund, Documents from the History of Lutheranism: 1517-1750, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002, pp. 237-240.

68 Goldmine, Section I, Chapter II, pp. 11-15.

69 “Preface to the General Science” (1677), and Antognazza, Leibniz, pp. 92-96.

70 “Principles of a Logical Calculus” (1679).

71 Opusclues et fragmentis inédits de Leibniz, edited by Louis Couturat, Paris: Presses Universitaires, 1903, 11/P 172

72 Donald Rutherford, Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, p. 76.

73 Discourse on Metaphysics, explanation of proposition 8.

74 Daniel D. Novatný, Ens rationes from Suárez to Caramuel, New York: Fordham University Press, 2013, pp. 28, 41-42, 102.

75 Rutherford, Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature, pp. 76-77.

76 New Essays on Human Understanding, translated and edited by Peter Remnant and Jonathan Bennett, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982, Book II, Chap. xxvii, 231-233.

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